Last article we saw words that are spelled the same in both Kreyòl and English; we will continue to see more of those words as a way to build your vocabulary with words you already know. But we are going to mix it up a bit with some essential words, like adverbs, negations, and helper words. We will take advantage of a unique feature of Kreyòl, which is the abundance of 2 and 3 letter words.
Earlier we introduced the articles A & An that are definite articles placed after the noun. The other articles are Le, La, Lan, & Nan, all definite articles also placed after the noun in most cases. The only indefinite article is On, the N is silent, Example: On dan = A tooth, Youn = One, stands alone. Example: Ban M Youn = Give me one. The only plural definite or indefinite article is Yo: Bank yo = the Banks. There are too many 2 to 3 letter words to fit in this post, we’ll only focus on the crucial ones that will help you begin speaking right away.
Let us see some verbs to go along with the articles you saw earlier:
Se = to be and Ye = to be. Gen short for Genyen = to have
A couple of words about the verbs, it’s perfectly normal to have a correct sentence in Kreyòl without a verb; in those cases the missing verb is Gen, Se or Ye: Example: Mwen kontan = I am happy (content) / Li malad = he is sick / Ki laj ou? = How old are you? Contrary to other Latin based languages, Gen, Ye and Se are not used as auxiliary verb and are extremely unpopular in Kreyòl and Ye is interestingly the least popular word in our language. Gen is the abbreviated form of Genyen. We will compose full sentences using only those short words and the words that are spelled the same as in English. By reading those words in Kreyòl sentences, remember to stick and refer back to, as needed, to the articles on Phonetics, the Pronouns, and the Alphabet for a refresher Example: Ki lè li ye? = what time is it?
Other useful short words:
Pa = Not Te marks past tense A and Ak, short for Avèk = With
Pa t, short for Pa Te, is a combination of negative and past, Sa = What
Pwal marks future Ta Pwal marks past participate Ka = Can
Pou = For Pi = More Ke = That Ki = Who
Ti = Small Gwo = Big Do = Back Mal = Bad or Ache
Tou = Too Tout = All Tous = Cough Twò = Too much
Dòk, short for Doktè = Doctor Sou = On Kè = Heart
Pè = Father or Priest or Peace when preceded by la or old man when preceded by le
Fè = to Do / to Make or Steel / Iron Fèt = to Do / to Make or Party or Must
Fèk = Just / Pè Bourdeau fèk vini = Father Bourdau just came Di = to Say
Vin, short for Vini (pronounced Vinny) = to come Kò = Body
kò fè mal = Body Ache Dan fè mal = Tooth Ache Fò = Strong / Loud
Fin, short for Fine = to Finish / to End Fen = End (noun) Dwe = Must
Ap = to Be Auxiliary Verb / M ap Pale = I am speaking Si = If
Ès = Is it / often followed by Ke or follows Ki; in the later case, pronounced Yes
Ès ke li fè sa? = Did he or she do it? Ki ès ki ka di sa fò? = Who can say that out loud?
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